ANALISIS GENDER TERHADAP KECEMASAN MATEMATIKA DAN SELF EFFICACY SISWA

Main Article Content

Siti Imro’ah
Widodo Winarso
Edi Prio Baskoro

Abstract

Both male and female students tend to experience anxiety when learning mathematics. Mathematical anxiety can be overcome by each student depending on the student's self-efficacy. The level of mathematical anxiety and the ability of self-efficacy are assumed to have different tendencies when viewed from a gender perspective. So, this study aims to analyze mathematical anxiety and self-efficacy based on gender differences. The method used in this study is a quantitative method with comparative causal research design. The population in this study were students of Junior High School, with Cluster Sampling techniques obtained by 38 students as the research sample. The instrument used was a questionnaire. with data analysis techniques using independent sample t-test. Based on the results of the study, it has a small tendency towards mathematical anxiety between male and female students. where female students are more anxious when compared to male students. Whereas in student self-efficacy there is no difference between male and female students.

Article Details

Section
Artikel

References

Allen, M., Kilpatrick, D., Armstrong, M., Briggs, R., Course, G., & Pérez, N. (2002). Multistage cluster sampling design and optimal sample sizes for estimation of fish discards from commercial trawlers. Fisheries Research, 55(3), 11-24.

Anita, I. W. (2014). Pengaruh kecemasan matematika (mathematics anxiety) terhadap kemampuan koneksi matematis siswa SMP. Infinity Journal, 3(1), 125-132.

Ashcraft, M. H. (2002). Math anxiety: Personal, educational, and cognitive consequences. Current directions in psychological science, 11(5), 181-185.

Badriyah, U., & Winarso, W. (2018). Korelasi Tingkat Kepercayaan Diri Terhadap Prestasi Belajar Mahasiswa di IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon (Studi Pada Calon Pendidik Matematika). Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 5(2), 15-29.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control (pp. 3-604). New York: WH Freeman.

Fahmi, S. (2014). Pengembangan multimedia macromedia flash dengan pendekatan kontekstual dan keefektifannya terhadap sikap siswa pada matematika. Jurnal AgriSains, 5(2). 166-191
Fatma, A., & Ernawati, S. (2012). Pendekatan Perilaku Kognitif dalam PelatihanKeterampilan Mengelola Kecemasan Berbicara di Depan Umum. Talenta Psikologi, 1(1), 39-65.

Freedman, E. (2003). Do you have math anxiety? A self test. Retrieved August, 10, 2004. www. mathpower. com/anxtest. htm.

Lee, J. (2009). Universals and specifics of math self-concept, math self-efficacy, and math anxiety across 41 PISA 2003 participating countries. Learning and individual differences, 19(3), 355-365.

Nafi’an, M. I. (2011, December). Kemampuan siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita ditinjau dari gender di sekolah dasar. In Seminar Nasional Matematika dan Pendidikan Matematika (pp. 571-577).

Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Stice, E., Wade, E., & Bohon, C. (2007). Reciprocal relations between rumination and bulimic, substance abuse, and depressive symptoms in female adolescents. Journal of abnormal psychology, 116(1), 198-207.

O'brien, V., Martinez-Pons, M., & Kopala, M. (1999). Mathematics self-efficacy, ethnic identity, gender, and career interests related to mathematics and science. The Journal of Educational Research, 92(4), 231-235.

Pajares, F. (2003). Self-efficacy beliefs, motivation, and achievement in writing: A review of the literature. Reading &Writing Quarterly, 19(2), 139-158.

Perry, A. B. (2004). Decreasing math anxiety in college students. College student journal, 38(2), 321-325.

Priyatno, D. (2011). Buku Saku SPSS Analisis Statistik Data Lebih Cepat, Efisien, dan Akurat. Yogyakarta: MediaKom.

Ragin, C. C. (2014). The comparative method: Moving beyond qualitative and quantitative strategies. Univ of California Press.

Riduwan. (2010). Belajar Mudah Penelitian Untuk Guru: Karyawan dan Peneliti Pemula. Bandung: Alfabeta

Santrock, J. W. (2007). Psikologi Pendidikan edisi kedua. Jakarta: Kencana Pranada Media Grup

Schunk, D. H. (1991). Self-efficacy and academic motivation. Educational psychologist, 26(3-4), 207-231.

Subana, M. (2000). Statistik Pendidikan. Bandung: CV Pustaka Setia.

Tobias, S. (1993). Overcoming math anxiety. New York : WW Norton & Company.

Welch, A. R. (2007). Blurred vision: Public and private higher education in Indonesia. Higher Education, 54(5), 665-687.

Winarso, W. (2015). Dasar Pengembangan Kurikulum Sekolah. Cirebon: CV. Confident

Winarso, W., & Supriady, D. (2016). Menilai Prestasi Belajar melalui Penguatan Self Regulated Learning dan Kecerdasan Emosional Siswa pada Pembelajaran Matematika. Jurnal Didaktik Matematika, 3(2). 54-66.